Skip to content ↓


Children Reading


Developing a love of reading, and the importance of this for our children both now and in the future, lies at the heart of our English curriculum. We aim to develop a love and appreciation of reading which will stay with children for life. We hope to achieve this through careful planning and teaching using up-to-date strategies. We aim to use a range of reading materials and resources within Literacy lessons, guided reading, independent reading sessions and home reading.
It is our aim to allow children the opportunity:

  • To experience reading in a variety of situations so that it becomes a pleasurable & productive experience.
  • To access a wide range of print materials, including all genres of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, plays & pupils own writing.
  • To progress to becoming selective in their choice of reading materials.
  • To be knowledgeable about the purpose and organisation of books.
  • To nurture a love of reading.
  • To learn to read through a variety of methods.
  • To read to themselves or to others (peers and adults)
  • To read to a variety of audiences and to hear adults and children read to them.
  • To read regularly and to develop a respect for books.
  • To receive reading provision and support appropriate to individual ability.
  • To become aware of the link between reading and writing.
  • To use ICT to further the development and love of reading.


You have not allowed cookies and this content may contain cookies.

If you would like to view this content please


At Co-op Academy Glebe, we believe all of our children can become fluent readers and writers. We teach reading through Read Write Inc (RWI) Phonics, which is a systematic and synthetic phonics programme to give your child the best possible start with their Literacy development. We start teaching phonics in FS1 and follow a carefully structured progression of skills, which ensures children build on their growing knowledge of the alphabetic code, mastering phonics to read and spell as they move through school.  

As a result, our children are able to tackle any unfamiliar words as they read. At Co-op Academy Glebe, we also model the application of phonics through phonics in shared reading and writing, both inside and outside of the phonics lesson and across the curriculum.

Understanding Phonics

“If a child memorises ten words, the child can read only ten words, but if a child learns the sounds of ten letters, the child will be able to read 350 three sound words, 4,320 four sound words and 21,650 five sound words.”

Martin Kozloff, 2002

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However, at Co-op Academy Glebe, we begin to expose children in FS1 to skills that will help them access the programme. We continue teaching RWI to children beyond the age of 7 to ensure individual pupil needs are met.

Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:  

Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about

Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning

Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability

Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning

Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.

RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at

Key Features of the Read Write inc programme

Reading   The children:

  • Learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below
  • Learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
  • Read from a range of storybooks and non-fiction books matched to their phonic knowledge
  • Work well with partners
  • Develop comprehension skills in stories by answering ‘Find It’ and ‘Prove It’ discussion questions

Writing  The children:

  • Learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
  • Learn to write words by using Fred Talk
  • Learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write 

Talking  The children:

  • Work in pairs so that they:
  • Answer every question
  • Practise activities with their partner
  • Take turns in talking and reading to each other
  • Develop ambitious vocabulary

Foundations for Phonics in FS1

We start by ensuring the children are ready for the teaching of phonics in the earliest stages of FS1.  The phonics curriculum begins in FS1 with children’s early phonemic awareness being explicitly developed through the skills of:

Tuning into sounds – to develop children’s listening skills and awareness

Listening and remembering sounds – hearing the difference

Talking about Sounds – describing, developing vocabulary & language comprehension

Skills are developed through the aspects of environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body percussion, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral segmenting & blending.

The children then begin the Read Write Inc phonics scheme in FS1, learning their set 1 sounds through a daily focused phonics lesson. Pupils are immersed in a directed teaching approach which embeds systematic phonics skills as the core skills for reading. Sounds are taught in a specific order, and regular assessment informs future planning and interventions. First, pupils will learn to read Set 1 Speed Sounds: these are sounds written with one letter: m a s d t i n p g o c k u b f e l h r j v y w z x.  These are taught with rhymes and pictures to help the children to remember in a fun and engaging way:

Read Write Inc. Phonics: Desktop Speed Sounds Chart Pack of 10 : Tim ...

There is a continued strong focus on oral / aural blending and segmenting linked to beginning to read simple VC and CVC words with the known graphemes taught and how those sounds can be written down. This is essential for reading, but it also helps children learn to spell well. 

Read Write Inc Progression of Skills

Progressing through the stages

As children progress through the programme, they begin to work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level in our Guided Reading which forms part of our daily ‘Reading Rocks’ sessions. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last 20 minutes. Once children become fluent speedy readers they will move on to the RWI Spelling programme.

Thorn Grove Primary School - Phonics and Reading

Fred Talk

We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.   At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck. The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred:

Set 2 Speed Sounds
Sound  Phrase Words to practice reading and spelling
ay ay: may I play play, day, may, way, say, spray
ee ee: what can you see see, three, been, green, seen, sleep
igh igh: fly high high, night, light, fright, bright, might
ow ow: blow the snow blow, snow, low, show, know, slow
oo oo: poo at the zoo too, zoo, food, pool, moon, spoon
oo oo: look at a book took, look, book, shook, cook, foot
ar ar: start the car car, start, part, star, hard, sharp
or or: shut the door sort, short, horse, sport, fork, snort
air air: that’s not fair fair, stair, hair, air, chair, lair
ir ir: whirl and twirl girl, bird, third, whirl, twirl, dirt
ou ou: shout it out out, shout, loud, mouth, round, found
oy oy: toy for a boy toy, boy, enjoy


Set 3 Speed Sounds

Sound  Phrase Words to practice reading and spelling
ea Cup of tea clean, dream, seat, scream, real
oi Spoil the boy join, voice, coin
a-e Make a cake make, cake, name, same, late, date
i-e Nice smile smile, white, nice, like, time, hide
o-e Phone home home, hope, spoke, note, broke, phone
u-e Huge brute tune, rude, huge, brute, use, June
aw Yawn at dawn saw, las, dawn, crawl, paw, yawn
are Care and share share, dare, scare, square, bare
ur Nurse with a purse burn, turn, spurt, nurse, purse, hurt
er A better letter never, better, weather, after, proper, corner
ow Brown cow how, down, brown, cow, town, now
ai Snail in the rain snail, paid, tail, train, paint, rain
oa Goat in a boat goat, boat, road, throat, toast, coat
ew Chew the stew chew, new, blew, flew, drew, grew
ire Fire! Fire! Fire, hire, wire, bon/fire, in/spire, con/spire
ear Hear with your ear hear, dear, fear, near, year, ear
ure Sure it’s pure pure, sure, cure, pic/ture, mix/ture, ad/ven/ture

Nonsense words (Alien words)

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.  These words provide endless opportunities for children to apply and practice their thinking in a range of different contexts.  

To help at home:

Your child will start to bring books home relating to their reading stage. You will find they will bring home a phonics-based book, this will aid application, speed and fluency- developing speedy reading!  

Useful websites for Parents

Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included.

Read Write Inc guide for parents 

The following links provides lots of free Read Write Inc. Phonics resources to help your child, including eBooks, practice sheets and parent films. 

Reading Approaches

Guided and shared reading

Guided Reading is where the teacher works with the children to model fluent, expressive reading, the use of effective reading strategies and encourage response to texts. It can be a vehicle for both teaching children to read (decode) and for teaching children about reading, including comprehension.

Guided Reading enables children to access and enjoy rich, authentic texts which are slightly beyond their independent reading level. Sessions are generally planned in a sequence and involve re-reading for different purposes, with children using their developing skills and understanding as they become more familiar with the text. Children are explicitly taught the skills that they need to be successful readers such as inference, prediction and summarising. This is done through a range of activities, including answering different types of questions, writing tasks, discussion and drama.

Each class has a ‘book of the week’ which they use as a foundation for their English teaching. Sharing texts during Whole Class Reading Lessons creates excitement around stories and other text types and develops the children’s comprehension skills.

Resources used for Shared Reading include fiction, poetry and non-fiction texts. The text is enlarged to enable all children to see as well as to hear the text. This may be through the use of books, ICT texts or interactive whiteboards (IWB).

The classroom environment

Each classroom has a dedicated reading area (library) which includes a variety of class books (Fiction and non-Fiction) that the children can choose and read for pleasure. These appeal to different genders and also reluctant readers.
Reading schemes

Pupils read through a set of banded books from our whole school reading scheme ‘Bug Club’. Each colour in the book band is a different level. We provide a diet and range of books at different levels within a book band. The pupils know which book band they are working at and recognise the book band that they are working towards. Every child in the school has a Bug Club login and books are allocated to children based on their reading ability/phonics knowledge. Through Big Club, children are able to read and answer questions related to the text. These are then monitored by the class teacher.